Investigating Brain Fog in COVID-19 Patients: A Novel Syndrome Characterized by Neuroinflammation
This article looks into the unique case of brain fog experienced by a COVID-19 patient, further suggesting the neurotropic nature of the virus. Recent studies have shown the emergence of a novel syndrome, post-acute COVID syndrome (long COVID), which is characterized by a variety of symptoms that continue for four weeks following the onset of a COVID-19 diagnosis. This includes cognitive decline and fatigue, which includes brain fog. The pathogenesis of brain fog is currently unknown, but is likely due to neuroinflammation caused by mast cells triggered by pathogenic and/or stress stimuli, which activates microglia, leading to inflammation of the hypothalamus. This case report highlights a unique case of brain fog in a COVID-19 patient, emphasizing the potential neurological implications of the virus, such as meningitis, encephalitis, and Guillain-Barré syndrome. It is important to be aware of atypical neurological findings in order to diagnose and treat COVID patients early on. While there is evidence to suggest the correlation between the virus and neurological symptoms, more research is needed to fully understand the impact of COVID-19 on the nervous system. Nutrients like vitamin C, polyphenols and omega-3s have been found to help with COVID-19 brain fog, however, more research is needed to identify specific foods that have a positive effect. By understanding the cause and effects of COVID-19 brain fog, medical professionals can better diagnose and treat those affected by the virus.
0. “An Unusual Case of Blackout in a COVID-19 Patient: COVID-19 Brain Fog” Cureus, 17 Mar. 2023, https://www.cureus.com/articles/70574-an-unusual-case-of-blackout-in-a-covid-19-patient-covid-19-brain-fog
1. “Can Food Help with COVID-19 Brain Fog?” EatingWell, 15 Mar. 2023, https://www.eatingwell.com/article/8034945/can-food-help-covid-19-brain-fog